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Abbreviations

Information about the RAF - RAF Aircraft - Typhoon FGR4 - Eurofighter - r7a8 - Armed Forces

RAF AIRCRAFT

TYPHOON FGR4 (formerly European Fighter Aircraft)


Eurofighter Typhoon

The first production aircraft flew in 2003, and delivery of the first aircraft started during early 2004. The Typhoon replaced the Tornado F3 and the Jaguar in RAF Service. It is planned that the Typhoon front-line will comprise seven squadrons, of which four will be primarily Air Defence, two Swing-role, and one Offensive Support, covering a full range of Combat Air Operations.


The Typhoon (formerly EFA European Fighter Aircraft) is a single seat, STOL capable aircraft optimised for air superiority/air defence and ground attack roles. Germany, Italy and Spain are UK partners in the most costly European collaboration programme to date.

Eurofighter Typhoon

The air forces of the four countries have ordered a total of 571 Eurofighters (UK 160, Germany 143, Italy 96, and Spain 73). The UK is to receive its aircraft in 3 x Tranches. Tranche 1 - 53 aircraft (mainly air defence aircraft with some multi-role towards the end of the tranche). Tranche 2 - 67 aircraft (mainly air defence aircraft with an enhanced air-to-surface capability scheduled to be integrated on Tranche 2 aircraft from 2012). Tranche 3 - 40 aircraft. Export orders have been received for Austra 15, Oman 12 and Saudi Arabia 72.

Typhoon is a fifth-generation combat aircraft with fully digital, integrated aircraft, avionics and weapon systems. Typhoon is designed to perform at least five air missions: air superiority, air interdiction, Suppression of Enemy Air Defence (SEAD), Close Air Support (CAS) and Maritime Attack. The aircraft is designed to carry 6 x medium-range and 2 x short-range air-to-air missiles. The aircraft has 13 x store stations and an internal gun fitted on the starboard side.

A range of air-to-ground weapons can be carried, including the new Storm Shadow CASOM, Brimstone anti-armour weapon, and the future Precision Guided Bomb (PGB). No modifications will be necessary to carry "smart" weapons and three stations can carry external fuel pods. The Captor radar is a collaboration European design. Other sensors include the Infra-Red Search and Track (IRST) system. The Defensive Aids Sub System (DASS) equipment is carried in 2 x wing pods that are an integral part of the wing. The datalink is provided by the Multiple Image Data System (MIDS). If required, the aircraft will be able to operate from a 500 metre strip.

The latest estimated cost of the RAF Typhoon programme was some 17.6 billion ( demonstration and manufacture) - making it the most expensive weapon system yet produced for the UK Armed Forces. A rough unit cost estimate is 110 million (demonstration and manufacture divided by 160 aircraft). These figures do not include estimates of the through-life support costs. The cost of flying a Typhoon for one hour is believed to be in the region of 3,875.

In 2011, the RAF deployed 10 x Typhoon aircraft to its base in Italy for operations in Libya, and achieved 4,500 flying hours without an engine change. The aircraft operated in its air-to-air role and for the first time attacked ground targets using laser-guided Paveway bombs. Some sources suggest that 561 Typhoon missions were flown over a six month period (average 93 missions per month) and that 209 air-to-ground weapons were released.

There has been much discussion regarding the quality and performance of this aircraft. In 2006 a United States Air Force General who, fresh from an exhilarating first flight in Typhoon and, naturally, quite excited, was heard to say, "This is the best fast jet in the world".

Typhoon is due to be replaced in late 2030s and the MoD is expected to decide what mix of manned and unmanned aircraft will replace its Typhoons sometime between 2015 and 2020.

TYPHOON Specifications
Crew 1
Length 15.96m
Height 5.23m
Wingspan 10.95m
Max Speed 1,321mph/2,125kph
Empty Weight 22,000lb/9,999kg
Max Take-Off Weight 46,305lb/21,000kg
Ferry Range 5,382km/3,310miles with 4 x drop tanks
Engine 2 x Eurojet EJ200 turbofans
Armament 1 x 27mm (first RAF batch only)
Air Interdiction 2 x Storm Shadow
2 x ALARM
4 x AMRAAM
2 x ASRAAM
2 x 1,500litre fuel tank
1 x 1,000litre fuel tank
Close Air Support 18 x Brimstone
4 x AMRAAM
2 x ASRAAM
1 x 1,000 litre fuel tank
SEAD 6 x ALARM
4 x AMRAAM
2 x ASRAAM
1 x 1,000litre fuel tank
Maritime Attack 4 x Penguin
4 x AMRAAM
2 x ASRAAM
2 x 1,500litre fuel tank
1 x 1,000litre fuel tank
Also Sidewinder AAM; Meteor BVRAAM; Paveway II,III, EPR (IV) LGB; JDAM or other PGB


In service with:

3 Squadron 12 x Typhoon FGR4 RAF Coningsby
11 Squadron 12 x Typhoon FGR4 RAF Coningsby
17 (R) Squadron 12 x Typhoon FGR4 RAF Coningsby
29 (R) Squadron 12 x Typhoon FGR4 RAF Coningsby
1 (F) Squadron 12 x Typhoon FGR4 RAf Lossiemouth (Leuchars until 2014)
6 Squadron 12 x Typhoon FGR4 RAf Lossiemouth (Leuchars until 2014)
There will eventually be 3 x Typhoon Squadrons ar RAF Lossimouth



Photo Copyright Alasdair Taylor