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Abbreviations


Armed Forces - Royal Navy - n3a5 - Royal Naval Vessels - Type 42 and Type 45 - Daring Class Destroyers

ROYAL NAVAL VESSELS

TYPE 45 DESTROYER


By 2014 the MoD expects to be operating 6 x Type 45 Destroyers (HMS Daring, Dauntless, Diamond, Dragon, Defender and Duncan). In addition, the period 2012-2013 is expected to see the withdrawal from service of the last two Type 42 Destroyers, HMS Edinburgh, HMS Liverpool.

TYPE 42 DESTROYER (NO LONGER IN SERVICE)

HMS Manchester

The ships of this class are armed with the ageing Sea Dart medium-range air defence missile system, which also has a limited anti-ship capability. In addition they have a useful gun armament.

They have been good work horses of the fleet for many years and are equipped with the latest communication and sensor equipment.

They also carry the high-speed multi-purpose Lynx helicopter armed with anti-submarine weapons and the Sea Skua anti-ship missile which is controlled by the Sea Spray search radar.

In addition to their air defence role, the Type 42 Class vessels have an extensive general purpose capability as patrol vessels, capable of a wide range of maritime enforcement and humanitarian assistance operations.

All the Type 42 Destroyers were based at Portsmouth.

TYPE 42 DESTROYERS Specifications
Max Speed 29 knots
Range 4,000 nm at 18 knots
Displacement 4,200 tons full load
Beam 14.3 m Batch 1 & 2, 14.9 m Batch 3
Draught 5.8 m
Length 125 m
Complement 253 (24 officers)
Engines COGOG Type system with 2 x Rolls Royce Olympus TM3B gas turbines delivering 56,000 shp and 2 x Rolls Royce Tyne RM1A gas turbines delivering 8,500 shp to two shafts
Armament
Missiles SAM British Aerospace Sea Dart twin launcher, radar/semi-active radar guidance to 40 km, limited anti-ship capability
Guns 1 x 4.5 in (25 rounds/min, range 22 km)
2 or 4 x 20 mm (range 2 km)
2 x 20 mm Phalanx Close-in Weapon Systems (range 1.5 km)
Helicopter Lynx Mk8 (Missile and torpedo armed)


NAME DATE COMMISSIONED
HMS Exeter (D89) 1980 Batch 2 (Planned out of service 2009)
HMS Southampton (D90) 1981 Batch 2 (Planned out of service 2009)
HMS Nottingham (D91) 1982 Batch 2 (Planned out of service 2010)
HMS Liverpool (D92) 1982 Batch 2 (Planned out of service 2012)
HMS Manchester (D95) 1982 Batch 3 (Planned out of service 2011)
HMS Gloucester (D96) 1985 Batch 3 (Planned out of service 2011)
HMS Edinburgh (D97) 1985 Batch 3 (Planned out of service 2013)
HMS York (D98) 1985 Batch 3 (Planned out of service 2012)


Photo US Navy


TYPE 45 DESTROYER - DARING CLASS


HMS Daring

The first Type 45 Destroyer (HMS Daring) entered service during 2009 with five subsequent vessels following at regular intervals until 2013. The current estimated unit production cost of each Type 45 is £561.6 million, based on the approved programme of six ships. This estimate includes the cost of the principal surface to air missile system Sea Viper (PAAMS), which is the primary weapons system for the Type 45 destroyer. Within the figure of £561.6 million overall budget, the cost of the Sea Viper system is approximately one third or about £187 million.

In addition to its role as an air defence vessel, the Type 45 destroyer is a versatile platform that is planned to deliver a number of capabilities. These include naval gunfire support and, through its embarked helicopter, anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare. It is capable of employment in a full range of tasks including maritime force protection, interdiction and peace support operations.

The vessel is powered by the WR21 Gas Turbine enabling her to reach speeds of up to 29 knots.

By mid 2013 HMS Daring, Dauntless and Diamond had already completed operational tours to the Mediterranean, the Gulf and the Atlantic Ocean .

Portsmouth is the home port for Type 45 vessels.



PRINCIPLE ANTI-AIR MISSILE SYSTEM (PAAMS)

This estimate includes the cost of the principal surface to air missile system (PAAMS), which is the primary weapons system for the Type 45 destroyer. Within the figure of £561.6 million overall cost, the cost of the PAAMS system is approximately one third or about £187 million.

HMS Daring launches at BAE Systemsí Scotstoun shipyard in Glasgow - 1 Feb 06

In addition to its role as an air defence vessel the Type 45 destroyer will be a versatile platform that is planned to deliver a number of capabilities. These include naval gunfire support and, through its embarked helicopter, anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare.

It will be capable of employment in a full range of tasks including maritime force protection, interdiction and peace support operations. With eight Type 45 destroyers in service, a minimum of five units would be available to the Fleet for deployment at various states of readiness.

The vessel is powered by the WR21 Gas Turbine enabling her to reach speeds of up to 29 knots.

TYPE 45 - DARING CLASS DESTROYERS Specifications
Length 152.4 m
Displacement 7,350 tons full load
Max Speed 29 knots
Range 7,000 nm at 18 knots
Complement 187
Armament (Estimated)
Missiles SSM 8 x Harpoon (2 quad)
Surface-to-Air (SAM)
6 x DCN Sylver A 50 VLS Sea Viper (Principal Anti-Air Missile System)
16 x Aster 15 and 32 x Aster 30 weapons or combination
Guns 1 x Vickers 4.5 in (114 mm) /55 Mk 8 Mod 1
2 x 20 mm Vulcan Phalanx Close-in Weapon Systems
Helicopters Lynx or Merlin

NAME IN-SERVICE DATE (PROJECTED)
HMS Daring 2009
HMS Dauntless 2010
HMS Diamond 2010
HMS Dragon 2011
HMS Defender 2012
HMS Duncan 2012

Photos Copyright BAe Systems