Management of Defence - Defence Estates - mod26 - Armed Forces
The Ministry of Defence (MoD) is one of the largest
landowners in the UK with a diverse estate of some 240,000
hectares (1% of the UK land mass) and is valued at some
£15.3 billion. Typically, approximately £1.5bn per year is
spent on maintenance and new construction. Some of these
costs are offset against income from tenants and other land
Defence Estates (DE) is the MoD Agency responsible for the
management of the defence estate and provides services to
support all aspects of a large and very diverse estate.
The estate is made up of:
Built Estate which occupies around 80,000 hectares and
is made up of naval bases, barracks/camps, airfields,
research and development installations, storage and
supply depots, communications facilities, around 49,000
Service Families Accommodation and town centre careers
The Rural Estate occupies around 160,000 hectares which
includes 21 major armed forces training areas 39 minor
training areas, small arms ranges, test and evaluation
ranges and aerial bombing ranges.
Significant overseas estate in Germany, Cyprus, the
Falkland Islands and Gibraltar with major overseas
training facilities in Canada, Norway, Poland and Kenya.
There are 179 Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
across the rural estate that is managed by the MoD, the
largest number in Government ownership.
There are currently around 650 listed buildings and 1057
scheduled monuments across both the built and rural
estate. The defence estate includes the largest
proportion of statutorily protected buildings held by
the government, 43% of all government heritage
The size, diversity and nature of the estate is dictated
entirely by the Services requirements to fulfil the
Defence Mission. The UK estate also includes facilities
for US forces based in the UK.