The UK MoD established a Permanent Joint
Headquarters (PJHQ) at Northwood in Middlesex for joint military operations
on 1 April 1996. This headquarters brought together, on a permanent basis,
intelligence, planning, operational and logistics staffs.
elements of a rapidly deployable in-theatre Joint Force Headquarters that
has the capability of commanding rapid deployment front line forces.
The establishment of PJHQ was
an attempt to provide a truly joint force headquarters that would remedy the
problems of disruption, duplication and the somewhat 'ad hoc' way in which
previous operations had been organised.
PJHQ is commanded by the Chief of Joint Operations (CJO), (from March 2009
Air Marshal S W Peach CBE BA MPhil DTech FRAeS RAF) who occupies existing
accommodation above and below ground at Northwood in Middlesex. PJHQ is
responsible for planning all UK-led joint, potentially joint, combined and
multinational operations and works in close partnership with MoD Head Office
in the planning of operations and policy formulation, thus ensuring PJHQ is
well placed to implement policy. Having planned the operation, and
contributed advice to Ministers, PJHQ will then conduct such operations.
Amongst its many tasks PJHQ is currently (early 2009) engaged in planning
and conducting UK military involvement in both Afghanistan and Iraq.
When another nation is in the lead, PJHQ exercises operational command of UK
forces deployed on the operation. Being a Permanent Joint Headquarters, PJHQ
provides continuity of experience from the planning phase to the execution
of the operation, and on to post-operation evaluation and learning of
Principal additional tasks include
designated areas of operational interest
to the UK MoD's decision making process
of operational control of overseas commands (Falklands, Cyprus and
its own budget
of joint warfare doctrine at operational and tactical levels
joint force exercises
for Joint Rapid Reaction Force planning and exercising
OF INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS
From 1 Aug 1996, PJHQ assumed responsibility
for military operations worldwide.
Non-core functions, such as the day-to-day management of the Overseas
Commands in Cyprus, Falkland Islands, and Gibraltar, are also delegated by
MoD Head Office to the PJHQ. This allows MoD Head Office to concentrate in
particular on policy formulation and strategic direction. As of early 2009 PJHQ has been involved with UK commitments in the following areas:
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bosnia, Burundi, East Timor, Eritrea,
Honduras, Iraq, Kosovo, Montenegro,
Montserrat, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, East Zaire, West Zaire (Democratic
Republic of the Congo).
Operations for which PJHQ is not responsible include: UK Strategic Nuclear
Deterrent; Defence of the UK Home Base; Defence of UK Territorial Waters and
Airspace; Support to the Civil Power in Northern Ireland; Counter-terrorism
in the UK and Operations in support of NATO (Article V General War).
COMMANDER - CHIEF OF JOINT OPERATIONS
Lieutenant General J N R
Houghton CBE (CJO)
Lieutenant General Nick
Houghton was born in 1954 in Otley, West Yorkshire. He was educated at
Woodhouse Grove School in Bradford, RMA Sandhurst and St Peter’s College,
Oxford, where he completed an in-service degree in Modern History.
Commissioned into the Green Howards in 1974, he had a variety of Regimental
and Staff appointments before attending the Army Command and Staff Course at
both Shrivenham and Camberley. Thereafter he was Military Assistant to the
Chief of Staff British Army of the Rhine and a member of the Directing Staff
at the Royal Military College of Science, Shrivenham. At Regimental Duty he
was both a Company Commander in, and Commanding Officer of, 1st Battalion
The Green Howards in the Mechanised and Airmobile roles, and in Northern
More recently Lieutenant General Houghton was Deputy Assistant Chief of
Staff, G3 (Operations & Deployment) in HQ Land Command 1994 - 1997 and
attended the Higher Command and Staff Course in 1997. He commanded 39
Infantry Brigade in Northern Ireland from 1997 to 1999 and was the Director
of Military Operations in the Ministry of Defence from December 1999 to July
2002. He was Chief of Staff of the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps from July
2002 to April 2004 before becoming the Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff
(Operations) from May 2004 to October 2005. He was the Senior British
Military Representative Iraq and Deputy Commanding General of the
Multi-National Force-Iraq from October 2005 until assuming his current
appointment as Chief of Joint Operations at PJHQ (UK) in March 2006.
The PJHQ Headquarters at
Northwood brings together about 600 civilian, specialist and tri-service
military staff from across the MoD. The headquarters structure resembles the
normal Divisional organisation, but staff operate within multidisciplinary
groups which are drawn from across the headquarters.
The headquarters must have the capability of supporting a number of
operations simultaneously on behalf of the UK MoD.
(1) CJO Chief of Joint Operations
(2) *** Denotes the rank of the incumbent
(3) DCJO – Deputy Chief of Joint Operations; DCJO (Ops Sp) Deputy
Chief of Joint Operations (Operational Support)
(4) ACOS - Assistant Chief of Staff
CJO has a civilian Command Secretary
who provides a wide range of policy, legal, presentational,
financial and civilian human resources advice.
J1 Personnel and Admin
J3 Operations (Sea-Air-Land)
J5 Policy and Crisis Planning
J6 Communication and Information Systems
J7 Joint Training
J8 Finance and Human Resources
JFHQ High Readiness Deployable Commander
JFLog CHQ Standing Deployable Logistic Component Commander
ANNUAL PJHQ BUDGET
The annual PJHQ budget is in the region of £475 million (2007/08 – Capital +
Resource DEL). The annual running costs of the Headquarters is estimated at
approximately £50 million.
Included in the overall PJHQ budget are the costs of the UK forces in the
Falkland Islands, Cyprus and Gibraltar. Major operations such as the ongoing
operational commitment in Afghanistan and the ongoing commitment in Iraq are
funded separately by way of a supplementary budget, and in almost all cases
this requires government- level approval. Small operations and the cost of
reconnaissance parties are funded from the standard PJHQ budget.
IN THE MOD CHAIN OF COMMAND
Note: The Defence and Overseas Policy Committee (DOPC) is
responsible for the strategic direction of the UK Government’s defence
and overseas policy.
The DOPC is chaired by the Prime Minister and members include the
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Deputy
Chair); Deputy Prime Minister and First Secretary of State; Chancellor
of the Exchequer; Secretary of State for Defence; Secretary of State
for the Home Department; Secretary of State for International
Development; Secretary of State for Trade and Industry.
If necessary, other ministers, the Heads of the Intelligence Agencies
and the Chief of Defence Staff may be invited to attend.