Army Aviation Training
The School of Army Aviation at Middle Wallop
in Hampshire trains Army pilots using the Army's front line aircraft, the
Islander, the Gazelle, the Lynx and the Apache AH Mk 1. It also trains
soldiers to support these aircraft on the ground, to protect its operating
bases, to provide communications between the ground and aircraft, and to
arm and refuel them. The training activity conducted by SAAvn is divided
into ground training and flying training.
Ground training is conducted by 2 Regiment AAC and consists of:
Phase 2 training to provide special to arm
training for recruits on completion of their basic training at
Winchester Army Training Regiment, and,
Phase 3 training to provide career progress
courses for trained soldiers.
Flying training is conducted by Flying Wing
and consists of:
The AAC Centre at Middle Wallop is under the
ownership of the Army Training and Recruitment Agency (ATRA). There is
also a detachment of 132 Aviation Support Squadron, Royal Logistics Corps,
which comes under the Joint Helicopter Command, based at the AAC Centre.
The Headquarters of the Director of Army Aviation is also based at Middle
Wallop. There are 12 Attack Helicopters allocated to the School of Army
Aviation for training purposes.
HQ DAAvn (Director Army Aviation) is responsible for providing advice and
support on Army Aviation and AAC training matters. In this regard HQ DAAvn
is responsible for the training policy for both aircrew and groundcrew.
The School of Army Aviation (SAAvn) undertakes AAC Special-to-Arm
training. AAC Soldier Basic Training takes place at ATR Winchester.
The AAC recruits pilots from three main sources:
Direct Entry (Officers only)
The ranks of the AAC (Corporals and above)
Officers and soldiers from other arms and
branches of the Service (Corporal and above)
Officers join the Corps after completing the
Commissioning course at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. Unlike the
all-officer Navy and Air Force helicopter pilot establishments, almost
two-thirds of AAC aircrew are non-commissioned officers. Within the Army,
NCOs, of at least LCpl rank with a recommendation for promotion, from
within the AAC and from the remainder of the Army may also apply for pilot
training. NCO pilots spend the majority of their service flying and many
go on to be commissioned as Officers, normally to fill specialist flying
appointments such as flying instructors.
There are three phases to selection for Army pilot training:
Aircrew Selection tests are conducted at RAF College Cranwell. These tests
are common to the three Services and last two days. Army candidates
require a minimum aircrew aptitude score of 80/180 to progress onto the
next phase. RAF/RN require higher scores, but the Army is able to accept a
lower score at this point, as Army candidates also have to pass Army
Flying Grading which the AAC considers a far more accurate indicator of
potential to be an Army pilot.
Army Flying Grading (AFG) is conducted at Middle Wallop. This consists of
13 hours, over a three week period, in a Slingsby Firefly 160. The aim of
this course is to test aptitude in a live flying environment and to
identify whether students have the capability to become an Army pilot.
Students who have successfully demonstrated the necessary flying potential
at AFG will progress onto the final phase at the Pilot Selection Centre.
This is run by HQ SAAvn and selection includes aptitude tests, a medical,
and finally a selection interview.
There are several stages in AAC flying training.
The Army Flying Course starts with four weeks of groundschool instruction
at RAF College Cranwell. Students learn the basic building blocks of
aviation - such as Meteorology, Principles of Flight, Aircraft Operations,
Navigation and Technical instruction.
Elementary Flying Training (EFT)
EFT is the first element of Army Flying Training at RAF Barkston Heath.
This phase consists of 40 flying hours of elementary fixed- wing flying
training over 14 weeks on the Slingsby Firefly (260).
Aeromedical and Survival Training
After EFT, students complete a week of aeromedical and survival training
at RNAS Yeovilton, Lee-on-Solent and Plymouth.
Defence Helicopter Flying School
The Defence Helicopter Flying School (DHFS) at RAF Shawbury provides basic
single-engine helicopter training for the three Services and some overseas
countries. The DHFS also provides advanced twin-engine helicopter training
for RAF aircrew and other special courses for the three Services.
At the DHFS, much of the training effort is contracted out to FBS Ltd - a
consortium of Flight Refuelling Aviation, Bristow Helicopters Ltd and
Serco Defence. All DHFS military and civilian instructors are trained by
the Central Flying School (Helicopter) Squadron. The single-engine basic
flying course incorporates some 36 flying hours over nine weeks on the
Squirrel helicopter with the instructors of No 660 Squadron. Army students
complete nine weeks training before they leave to start their Operational
Training Phase at Middle Wallop.
Operational Training Phase (OTP)
The penultimate phase is conducted at the School of Army Aviation at
Middle Wallop. Training is focused on converting helicopter pilots into
Army pilots. It starts with a week of tactics training, preparing students
for the military part of the course. The OTP phase involves 82 flying
hours in 18 weeks, and is conducted on the Squirrel helicopter.
Conversion to Type (CTT)
The final phase is conducted at the School of Army Aviation at Middle
Wallop. Before being posted to a regiment, students have to convert onto
an operational helicopter type. The Conversion to Type (CTT) course takes
around nine weeks. At Middle Wallop, Apache aircrew and ground crew
training is conducted by Aviation Training International Limited (ATIL).
Conversion to Role (CTR)
Once a pilot has been converted onto type at Middle Wallop, he or she will
proceed to a Regiment. At the Regiment a special CTR course will be held
to bring the pilot up to combat ready status.
In mid 2006 the number of actual and required helicopter crew personnel
for each regular regiment of the AAC was as follows:
||Helicopter Crew Established (Required)
||Helicopter Crew Held (Actual)
|1 Regt AAC
|3 Regt AAC
|4 Regt AAC
|5 Regt AAC
||93 (31 from 1 Apr
| 9 Regt AAC
These figures include qualified
helicopter instructors and regimental headquarters personnel, whose
primary role is not as helicopter crew. The figures do not include
aviation crewmen, such as air door gunners and winch operators.
The established figure for 5 Regiment AAC reduced to 31 on 1 April
2007, as part of the planned reductions in Northern Ireland. The
deficits shown in the table in 3, 4 and 9 AAC Regiments are mainly due
to the re-roling of these regiments to Apache helicopters. As a
consequence of re-roling, some aircrew are posted away for re-training.