SUMMARY OF HQ LAND FORCES
HQ Land Forces is located at Andover in Hampshire (from mid 2009)
and commands almost 100% of the Army’s fighting capability. HQ Land Forces
replaced HQ Land Command in 2008.
HQ Land Forces’ role is to deliver and sustain the Army's operational
capability, whenever required throughout the world, and the Command
comprises of all operational troops in Great Britain, Germany, Nepal and
Brunei, together with the Army Training Teams in Canada, Belize and Kenya.
HQ Land Forces is the largest single service Top Level Budget Holder, with
a budget of almost £6.5 billion. It contains all the Army's fighting
equipment, including attack helicopters, Challenger 2 tanks, Warrior
Infantry Fighting Vehicles, AS90 and the Multi Launched Rocket System (MLRS).
HQ Land Forces is responsible for providing all the Army's fighting troops
throughout the world. These are organised into eight formations and are
commanded by Major Generals.
From late 2010 Lieutenant General NR Parker KCB, CBE is the
Commander-in-Chief Land Forces.
The personnel total at HQ Land Forces is just under 2,000 (986 military
and 1,002 civilian)
LAND FORCES SUPPORT
The Defence Supply Chain provides a range of support functions to enable
the British armed forces to carry out operations. These include storing
and distributing all the supplies needed by the forces, such as equipment,
mail, medical supplies, fuel, clothing, food and ammunition, as well as
transporting personnel and freight anywhere in the world.
FIELD ARMY STRUCTURE
The Commander Field Army has operational command of all Field Army Formations.
This includes training designated forces for all types of military operations
and providing appropriate military capability to Permanent Joint Headquarters
and/or the Joint Rapid Reaction Forces as required.
Major units under the direct command of the Field Army include:
1st Division (Herford - Germany) (See
3rd Division (Bulford – UK) (See Note 2)
6th Division (York) (See Note 3)
Combat Service Support Group (United
Combat Service Support Group (Germany)
Land Warfare Centre
Note 1: Current (mid
2011) speculation is that HQ 1st Division will be the operational
division title that is retained when the majority of UK troops have
returned to the UK – possibly around 2014. This division would probably
command the 6 x brigades in the High Readiness Force.
Note 2: HQ 3 Div will probably be the title that is retained for command
of the Lower Readiness Force.
Note 3: HQ 6th Division was formed in August 2008 as the third
deployable divisional headquarters. Depending on the results of post
SDSR studies it may be ‘stood down’.
REGIONAL FORCES STRUCTURE
This grouping will probably be retained with
the Commander Regional Forces maintaining, and where possible, enhancing
the provision of the military capability and infrastructure support
required to meet HQ Land Forces’ operational requirements.
In addition, Commander Regional Forces at HQ Land Forces is the Inspector
General of the Territorial Army, with addition responsibilities for Cadets and
the University Officer Training Corps (UOTC).
Currently (mid 2011) Major units that assist Commander Regional Forces are amongst the following:
2 Division (Regenerative Division)
4 Division (Regenerative Division)
5 Division (Regenerative Division)
United Kingdom Support Command (Germany)
Army Recruiting & Training Division
It is likely that 2 Division, 4 Division and
5 Division will be disbanded during 2012.
JOINT HELICOPTER COMMAND
The Joint Helicopter Command's primary role is to deliver and sustain effective
Battlefield Helicopter and Air Assault assets, operationally capable under all
environmental conditions, in order to support UK's defence missions and tasks.
JHC major formations are as follows:
All Army Aviation Units
RAF Support Helicopter Force
Commando Helicopter Force
16 Air Assault Brigade
Combat Support Units
Combat Service Support Units
Joint Helicopter Command and Standards Wing
THEATRE TROOPS (2011)
Commander Theatre Troops (under the Field Army heading) is responsible for the
1 Artillery Brigade
16 Regiment RA
1 Signal Brigade
2 (NC) Signal Brigade
11 Signal Brigade
8 Force Engineer Brigade
2 Medical Brigade
1 Reconnaissance Brigade
1 Military Intelligence Brigade
101 Logistic Brigade
102 Logistic Brigade
104 Logistic Brigade
Equipment Support Theatre Troops
HQ RLC TA
Land Equipment (LE)
The Land Equipment
Directorate (under the command of Defence Equipment and Support) exists
to provide front line support and ‘through life’ equipment solutions for
land operations. LE is composed of five major groups with each group
having a number a number of subsidiary teams providing specific support
to various group activities. Director Land Equipment (DLE) is
responsible for the operations of these major groups which are:
Combat Tracks Group (CTG)
Systems Team (ST); Combat Tracks Group Platforms Team; Armoured Vehicle
Support Transformation Team; Artillery Systems Team (AST); Platforms
Team (PT); The Medium Armoured Tracks Team (MATT);
Combat Wheels Group (CWG)
Protected Mobility Team (PMT); Manoeuvre Support Team (MST); Utility
Vehicle Team (UVT).
Gen Support Group (GSG)
Battlefield Utilities Unit (BFU);Deployable Support and Test Equipment
Team(DS&TE); Expeditionary Campaign Infrastructure (ECI); General
Support Vehicles (GSV); Service Provision (SP).
Individual Capability Group (ICG)
Integrated Soldier Systems Executive (ISSE); Dismounted Soldier Systems
Team (DSST); Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Night Observation (STANO);
Light Weapons, Photographic & Batteries Team (LWPBT).
Joint and Battlefield Trainers; Simulation & Synthetic Environments
There are two 'Ready'
1st (UK) Armoured Division, based in Germany, and the
3rd (UK) Division in the United Kingdom. Both of these
divisions are earmarked to form part of the
Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC), NATO's premier
strategic formation, but they also have the flexibility to be employed
on rapid reaction tasks or in support of other defence roles.
In addition to their operational roles, they also
command the Army units in specified geographic areas. In the case of the
1st Division, this area is made up of the garrisons in Germany where the
Division's units are based; and in the case of the 3rd Division, the South
West of England.
As explained previously this will change with 1 x Division Headquarters
commanding the High Readiness Force and the other Headquarters
commanding the Lower Readiness Force.
The 2010 SDSR has stated
that these formations will be replaced by a single headquarters and we
would expect that this will happen towards the end of 2012.
In mid 2011 there are three Regenerative Divisions, based on older UK
military districts. These are the 2nd Division with its Headquarters at
Edinburgh, the 4th Division with its Headquarters at Aldershot, and the
5th Division with its Headquarters at Shrewsbury. These Regenerative
Divisions are responsible for all army units within their boundaries and
could provide the core for three new divisions, should the Army be
required to expand to meet a major international threat.
Districts remain: London (although subordinated to 4th Division for budgetary purposes), and the United Kingdom Support Command
London District is responsible for all Army units within the M25 boundary.
The activity for which the Headquarters and the District is most well
known is State Ceremonial and Public Duties in the Capital. The district
insignia shows the Sword of St Paul representing the City of London and
the Mural Crown representing the County of London. The District has its
Headquarters in Horse Guards and is commanded by a Major General.
Between 500 and 600 troops are involved at any one time in MoD-sponsored
equipment trials, demonstrations and exhibitions. Public Duties in London
also take up two/three battalions at any one time. All troops not
otherwise operationally committed are also available to provide Military
Aid to the Civil Authorities in the United Kingdom.
THE UNITED KINGDOM
SUPPORT COMMAND - GERMANY (UKSC(G)
With its Headquarters at Rheindahlen UKSC)G) has about 3,600 personnel
and provides essential support functions for 1 (UK) Armoured Division and
the Headquarters of the ARRC.
HQ UKSC(G) also commands the only garrison west of the River Rhine,
designated Rhine Garrison, which comprises mainly a signal brigade and
logistic support units. It also has administrative responsibility for the
four other British Army Garrisons in Germany – at Osnabrück, Bergen-Hohne,
Paderborn and Gütersloh.
It is likely that the majority of personnel from this grouping will have
returned to the UK by 2016.
There are two Combat Service Support (CSS) Groups:
Combat Service Support Group (United Kingdom) consists of a
supply regiment, two transport regiments, general support medical regiment
which has both Regular and Territorial Army squadrons, three field
hospitals, and a field medical equipment depot. For operations, the group
may have assigned to it two Territorial Army transport regiments, five
Territorial Army field hospitals, and a Territorial Army Royal Electrical
and Mechanical Engineers maintenance battalion.
Combat Service Support Group (Germany) consists of a supply
regiment; two transport regiments, and a general support medical regiment
which has both Regular and Territorial Army squadrons. For operations, the
group may have assigned to it a Territorial Army transport regiment, six
Territorial Army field hospitals, a Territorial Army field medical
equipment depot, and a Territorial Army Royal Electrical and Mechanical
Engineers Maintenance Battalion.
Other areas and tasks
Although Land Command is not responsible for running operations in
Northern Ireland, the Former Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, Sierra Leone,
Cyprus, the Falkland Islands and Iraq (a responsibility of PJHQ), it
will provide the operational troops for these areas. Some 3,900 troops
have been stationed in Northern Ireland since 2008; and a further 15,000
are deployed in Afghanistan, Cyprus, the Balkans, Sierra Leone the
Falkland Islands and Iraq.
Some 500 troops are involved at any one time in MoD - sponsored
equipment trials, demonstrations and exhibitions. Public Duties in
London take up two/three battalions at any one time. All troops not
otherwise operationally committed are also available to provide Military
Aid to the Civil Authorities (MACA) in the United Kingdom.