The MiG-29K fighter bomber aircraft is
manufactured by RSK MiG and the Irkutsk Aircraft Production
Association Joint Stock Company. The MiG-29 is also known by the
NATO code name Fulcrum.
The 22 MiG-29 aircraft in the German Air Force
have been leased to the Polish Air Force. The first five were handed
over in September 2003 and deliveries concluded in August 2004.
The mission of the MiG-29 is to destroy hostile air targets within
radar coverage limits and also to destroy ground targets using
unguided weapons in visual flight conditions. The aircraft's
fixed-wing profile with large wing leading-edge root extensions
gives good manoeuvrability and control at subsonic speed including
manoeuvres at high angles of attack. The maximum operational
g-loading is 9g.
The Russian Air Force has begun an upgrade programme for 150 of its
MiG-29 fighters, which will be designated MiG-29SMT. The upgrade
comprises: increased range and payload, new glass cockpit, digital
fly-by-wire control system, new avionics, improved radar, KOLS
infrared search and track (IRST) and an in-flight refuelling probe.
The radar will be the Phazotron Zhuk-ME which is capable of tracking
ten targets to a maximum range of 245km.
EADS (formerly DaimlerChrysler Aerospace) is to upgrade 22 MiG-29
aircraft of the Polish Air Force. Modifications are needed to adapt
the aircraft to NATO standards, prior to Poland's entry into NATO.
EADS has performed similar modifications to the MiG-29s of the
former East German Air Force. EADS has joined with RSK-MiG to offer
modernisation packages for the MiG-29 and has signed an agreement
with Romania for product support and modernisation.
In February 2004, RSK MiG signed an agreement to upgrade 12 MiG-29
of the Slovak Air Force. The upgrade included Rockwell Collins
navigation and communications systems and BAE Systems IFF
(interrogation friend or foe) system. Russian companies supplied the
glass cockpit with multi-function LCD displays and digital
processors. Deliveries completed in 2007.
The aircraft can carry: up to two R-27 air-to-air medium-range
missiles; six R-73 and R-60 air-to-air short range missiles; four
pods of S-5, S-8, S-24 unguided rockets; air bombs weighing up to
3,000kg; and 30mm built-in aircraft gun with 150 rounds of
ammunition. On seven external weapon hardpoints.
The R-27 medium-range air-to-air missile is supplied by the Vympel
State Engineering Design Bureau, based in Moscow. The R-27 is
available in two configurations: the R-27R, which has a semi-active
radar homing head and inertial navigation control with a radio link;
and the R-27T missile, which is fitted with an infrared homing head.
The missile can intercept targets with a speed of up to 3,500km/h at
altitudes from 0.02-27km, and the maximum vertical separation
between the aircraft and the target is 10km.
The Vympel R-73 missile is an all-aspect, short-range air-to-air
missile known by the NATO codename AA-11 Archer. The missile has
cooled infrared homing and can intercept targets at altitudes
between 0.02 and 20km, target g-load to 12g, and with target speeds
The Vympel R-60 (Nato codename AA-8 Aphid) short-range air-to-air
missile can engage targets manoeuvring at an acceleration up to 12g.
The R-60M has an expanded range of target designation angles to
±20°, a heavier warhead and an upgraded infrared homing head with
The aircraft is equipped with an information and fire control radar
system comprising: an N-019 radar developed by Phazotron Research
and Production Company, Moscow; an infrared search and track sensor;
a laser rangefinder; and a helmet-mounted target designator. For
longer-range air combat, the MiG-29 uses radar guidance for the R-27
The MiG-29 is equipped with two RD-33 turbofan engines. During
flight, the open air intakes feed air to the engines. While moving
on the ground, the air intakes are closed and air is fed through the
louvers on the upper surface of the wing root to prevent ingestion
of foreign objects from the runway. This is particularly important
when operating from poorly prepared airfields.
The engines provide a maximum speed of 2,400km/h at altitude and
1,500km/h near the ground and the service ceiling is 18,000m. The
maximum range at altitude is 1,500km and 700km near the ground.
MIG 29 Specifications
Single-seat counter-air fighter
with attack capability
and the Irkutsk Aircraft Production Association Joint Stock
One 30mm GSh-30L cannon with 150 rounds, six
AAMs including a mix of SARH and AA- 8 Aphid (R60), AA-10 Alamo (R27T),
AA-11 Archer (R73), FAB 500-M62, FAB-1000, TN-100, ECM Pods, S-24, AS-12,
Max Speed Mach 2.3, 1,520mph
Two Klimov/Sarkisov RD-33
turbofans with 22,200lbs thrust
MIG 29K carrier variant, MIG 29M2 two seat