BULGARIA

 

Population
Defence budget 2010
GDP 2009
Land area
Capital
Life expectancy
Population growth rate
7.4 million
Euros 761 million (US$936 million)
Euros 34 billion (US$42 billion)
111,000 sq kms (42,857 sq miles)
Sofia (Population 1.4 million)
72.8 years
-0.77 per cent
 
 
Total Armed Forces  
Army
Navy
Air Force
Joint (Central Staff)

16,000
3,500
6,500
8,500


Conscription ended in 2008 and the above approximate personnel figures above continue to be reduced. There are approximately 12,000 Border Guards serving under the command of the Ministry of the Interior.
 

MINISTRY OF DEFENCE  

Contact Details

 

 

Ministry of Defence
3 Dyakon Ignatiy Street
1000 Sofia
BULGARIA

Tel.: +35 9 02 92 20 922
 

Bulgaria joined the European Union in January 2007 following its accession to NATO in April 2004. The Bulgarian Ministry of Defence is still involved in a restructuring programme (PLAN 2004) that will see its military forces based around a core rapid reaction force.


 

ARMY ORGANISATION


Army Strength: 16,000 approximately

1 x Armoured Brigade
2 x Mechanised Brigades
1 x Light Infantry Brigade
1 x Special Forces Regiment
 


BULGARIAN ARMY (LAND FORCES) OUTLINE STRUCTURE

BULGARIAN ARMY (LAND FORCES) OUTLINE STRUCTURE

Note: Some sources suggest that up to 4 x Reserve Brigades and about 200,000 reservists are available in an emergency. While the reserve forces are almost certainly significant, our estimate is that only one or two reserve Brigades with between 10,000 to 15,000 personnel could realistically be expected to be available for operations at short notice.

EU Battlegroups

Bulgaria is a member of the HELBROC Battle Group. This battle group which consists of contingents from Cyprus, Greece, Romania and Bulgaria can only be deployed for evacuation operations and for humanitarian assistance.
 


 

MAJOR ARMY EQUIPMENT

 

Main Battle Tanks (MBT)

160 x T-72M (possibly 250 in-store)

Reconnaissance (Recce) 12 x BRDM-2 (Wheeled)
Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV) 100 x BMP-2/3 (Tracked)
  75 x BMP-1 (Tracked)

Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC)

100 x MTLB (Tracked) (possibly 600 in-store)

  100 x BTR-60PB-MD1 (Wheeled) (possibly 100 in-store)
  7 x M1117 (Wheeled) for Afghanistan
Light Vehicles (Lt Veh) 300 Mercedes G Class (300 more on order)
  50 x HMMWV (for Afghanistan)
Self Propelled Artillery (SP ARTY) 150 x 122 mm 2S1 (possibly 500 in-store)
Towed Artillery 100 x 122 mm D-20 with about 300 other types such as 130 mm M-46, 122 mm M-30, various 100 mm in store
Multiple Rocket Launchers (MRL) 100 x 122 mm BM-21 (majority in-store)
Mortars (Mor) 200 x 120 mm 2S12
  200 x 82 mm
Anti-Tank (Atk) 200 x AT-4/AT-5 (some AT-5 SP)
  Variety of 85 mm and 100 mm AT guns in store
Low Level Air Defence (LLAD) 24 x SA-8 SAM SP
 

40 x SA-9 SAM SP

 

10 x SA-5 SAM

 

100 x SA-7 SAM (estimate)

 

Variety of older guns available

 

Note: Many of the above equipment figures are probably optimistic and reflect high on many figures that the Bulgarian Army now has. It is unlikely that a force at 18,000 personnel would be capable of managing all of the equipment listed above.

 


 

NAVAL ORGANISATION


Navy Strength: approximately 3,500
 

1 x Submarine
4 x Frigates
17 x Mine Warfare Vessels

Major Naval Bases are located at Varna and Atiya.
 


 

MAJOR NAVAL EQUIPMENT

 

Submarines (SSK)

1 x Slavat (Soviet Romeo Class)

Frigates (FF) 2 x Pauk
  1 x Smeli (Soviet Koni Class)
  1 x Drazki (Belgian Weilingen Class - one more on order)
Corvettes (FS) 2 x Gowind on order from France for deliveries starting in 2012
Mine Hunter Coastal (MHC) 1 x Tripartite MHC (Belgian/Flower Class)
  4 x Sonya MHC
  4 x Vanya MHC
  6 x Olya MSI
Patrol Vessels (PC) 1 x Tarantul II
  5 x Osa I/II
  9 x Zhuk
Miscellaneous 2 x landing ships
  12 x logistics and support vessels
Naval Aviation 3 x Mi-14 (being replaced by AS-565)
  6 x AS-565 Panther (deliveries start in 2010)

 


 

AIR FORCE ORGANISATION


Air Force Strength: 6,500

BULGARIAN AIR FORCE OUTLINE STRUCTURE

Bulgarian Air Force Structure

Note:
22 (Attack) Air Base is in the process of becoming a joint US/Bulgarian training facility.
 


 

MAJOR AIR FORCE EQUIPMENT

 

Fighter/Interceptor (Ftr) 20 x MiG-29 Fulcrum (modernisation complete)
  15 x MiG-21 Bis/UM (reported as serviceable)
Fighter Ground Attack (FGA) 12 x Su-25/Su25UB (operational)
Transport (Tpt) 1 x An-24
  2 x C-227J Spartan (3 more on order)
  2 x An-26
  7 x Let-410UVP-E
  1 x PC-12M
  1 x An-30 (also used for survey)
Training (Trg) 8 x L39ZA
  6 x PC-9M
Helicopters (Hel) 6 x Bell 206 (utility)
  12 x AS 532 Cougar (transport & SAR)
  8 x Mi-17 (transport)
  12 x Mi-24D/V (attack)
Air Defence (AD) SA-5 SAM
  SA-10 SAM (Probably 50-60 launchers available)
Air launched missiles (ALM) AA-2, AA-7, AA-10 & AA-11 AAM
  AS-7, AS-10 & AS-14 ASM

CURRENT UNIT DEPLOYMENTS
(over platoon strength 30 personnel. These are approximate figures)

NATO (ISAF) Afghanistan     450
NATO (KFOR) Kosovo    50
EUFOR Bosnia 120